1920s: Relief for Railway Mail Clerks
Preceding 1923 the Railway Mail Service was the most preferential of all parts of the administration. . . The Railway Mail Service is today a model in just dealings and advancements. Roy O. Wilhoit, President, National Alliance of Postal Employees, 1931
In 1921, after two terms in office, Democratic President Woodrow Wilson was supplanted by Republican Warren Harding. Under Harding and progressive Republican Presidents, general postal strategy started to change. The working conditions and chances of African-American postal representatives – especially in the Railway Mail Service – made strides. Some portion of the change may be ascribed to the philosophical contrasts between the two gatherings – during the 1920s Republicans were still normally more socially liberal than Democrats, and all the more frequently supported social equality. Some portion of the change can likewise be ascribed to Chicago governmental issues.
During the 1920s African-American government official Edward H. Wright headed a solid Republican association in Chicago, with impact over a casting a ballot alliance that was solid enough to choose decisions. Wright persuaded Illinois Congressman Martin B. Rankle to intercede in the battle to raise dark postal specialists. Rankle, who had recently served on the Post Office and Post Roads Committee, was at the time executive of the persuasive House Appropriations Committee. In 1922 and 1923 Madden’s child in-law, Paul Henderson, filled in as Second Assistant Postmaster General.
In 1921 the Post Office Department and the Railway Mail Association concurred that the advancements of railroad mail assistants would be founded on rank, instead of the old point framework, which implied that senior agents were advanced paying little mind to race. An outcome of the new approach – maybe unexpected by the association – was that veteran dark representatives who for quite a long time had been disregarded started to get advancements. At the point when the association protested the advancement of an African American to representative in-control in December 1922, Second Assistant Postmaster General Paul Henderson shielded the advancement, saying the worker was both qualified and qualified for it and that if important he would “call upon the U.S. Armed force to ensure him in it.” In 1922 Henderson likewise coordinated administrators of the Railway Mail Service to select dark assistants on certain railroad lines where they had been prohibited amid the Wilson time – for instance, on the bustling lines between New York and Philadelphia.
In 1923 African-American John D. Gainey was delegated Assistant Chief Clerk-everywhere of the Railway Mail Service, particularly to deal with complaints of dark representatives. The National Alliance of Postal Employees saw Gainey’s arrangement as a “defining moment in the ‘wiping out’ of foul practices.” Gainey visited the nation, researching objections and issuing proposals. He finished the evacuations of representatives on sketchy charges – as indicated by Historian A. L. Glenn, freeing “several Negro railroad postal representatives EVERYWHERE . . . indeed, even in the profound south.”  (In 1923 around 13 percent of railroad mail agents were African-American, serving for the most part in the South.)